Alexander Archipenko (May 30, 1887 Kiev, Ukraine – February 25, 1964 New York, NY) was an sculptor artist. He belongs to the pioneers of modern sculpture.Archipenko studied painting and sculpture from 1902 to 1905 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Kiev. After a reprimand for rebellion against academic teaching methods in 1906 he worked independently in Moscow. In 1908 he left Russia and moved to Paris, where he studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. In 1911 he opened his first art school. At the beginning of his work, Archipenko shaped stylized objects with flowing shapes. In 1910, as the first sculptor, he transferred cubism to sculpture and developed so-called sculpture painting. Since 1910 he exhibited his works and after 1919 both in Europe and in the USA. From 1920 to 1923 he lived in Berlin, where he founded another art school. In 1923 the Archipenkos emigrated to America, where Archipenko taught at various art schools. In 1946, he experimented with light from illuminated sculptures made from transparent materials such as Plexiglass and others.